Basic First Aid

Minor cuts:

  1. Wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.

  2. Wash the cut with soap and water, then pat it dry.

  3. Apply pressure to the cut with a clean cloth or bandage to stop the bleeding.

  4. Apply an antiseptic cream or ointment to the cut to help prevent infection.

  5. Cover the cut with a sterile adhesive bandage or dressing.

Minor burns:

  1. Run the burn under cool water for 10 to 15 minutes to help soothe the pain and prevent further injury.

  2. Apply an antiseptic cream or ointment to the burn to help prevent infection.

  3. Cover the burn with a sterile gauze dressing to help protect it while it heals.


  1. If you have a rash, wash the area with soap and water and pat it dry.

  2. Apply an anti-itch cream or lotion to help relieve the itching and discomfort.

  3. Avoid scratching the rash, as this can cause it to spread or become infected.

  4. If the rash is severe or accompanied by other symptoms, such as fever or difficulty breathing, seek medical attention.

CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation) is a way to help someone who has stopped breathing or has no pulse. Here's how to perform CPR:

  1. First, call for help: If you see someone who has collapsed and is not responsive, call for help right away. This could mean calling 911 or asking another adult to call for you.

  2. Next, check for breathing: Look, listen, and feel for breathing. Place your ear near the person's mouth and nose, and check to see if their chest is moving. If they are not breathing, start CPR.

  3. Position your hands: Place the heel of one hand on the center of the person's chest, and place your other hand on top of the first hand. Interlock your fingers, and position your body so that your shoulders are directly over your hands.

  4. Perform compressions: Push down on the person's chest, using your body weight to help you. Compress the chest about two inches, and then release the pressure. Repeat this cycle of compressions and releases at a rate of about 100 to 120 per minute.

  5. Give breaths: After every 30 compressions, give two breaths. Tilt the person's head back slightly and lift their chin, and pinch their nose closed. Take a deep breath, and then blow air into the person's mouth until you see their chest rise. Repeat this cycle of compressions and breaths until help arrives or the person starts breathing on their own.